Cybersecurity, seen as one of the technological trends for 2021, is defined as a set of prevention, monitoring, detention, reaction, analysis and correction actions aimed at protecting computers, networks, programs and data from any technological damage and illegal invasions, thus avoiding losses of a different scale and, likewise, guaranteeing the confidentiality, integrity and availability of information, digital networks, information systems in cyberspace and the people who interact in it.
It covers the protection of software, network, hardware, technological infrastructure and services.
There are 3 types of Virtual Threats:
- Virtual Crime- belonging to or groups that target systems to obtain financial gains or cause disruptions at the operational level.
- Cyber Attack – involves obtaining information with often political motivations.
- Cyber Terrorism – has the potential to weaken electronic systems to cause panic or fear.
Cybersecurity is often confused with Information Security, a term that is concerned with protecting all company assets, involving the protection of information managed by people, compliance with procedures, physical security, among others.
It is clear, then, that Cybersecurity is an integral part of Information Security, since the goal of Cybersecurity is to protect all digital information archives and not all as part of an organization.